How does USCIS determine a Marriage Fraud

By Atty. Chris Caday Lozano

It is important to know how USCIS determines a marriage to be fraudulent and what is the required evidence to reach that determination.  If the USCIS determines a marriage to be fraudulent under INA Sec. 204(c) no future petition will be approved for the alien involved.   A good point of reference is the case decided by BIA on August 23, 2019. 

In the BIA case Matter of P. SINGH, the board issued a ruling about the evidence required to deny a petition for an alien who was previously charged an INA 204 (c) violation for marriage fraud.  

The BIA enumerated the following are the legal standards to follow:

 (1) The standard of proof necessary to bar the approval of a visa petition based on marriage fraud under section 204(c) of the Immigration and Nationality Act, 8 U.S.C. § 1154(c) (2012), is “substantial and probative evidence.”

(2) The degree of proof necessary to constitute “substantial and probative evidence” is more than a preponderance of evidence, but less than clear and convincing evidence; that is, the evidence has to be more than probably true that the marriage is fraudulent.

(3) The nature, quality, quantity, and credibility of the evidence of marriage fraud contained in the record should be considered in its totality in determining if it is “substantial and probative.”

(4) The application of the “substantial and probative evidence” standard requires the examination of all of the relevant evidence and a determination as to whether such evidence, when viewed in its totality, establishes, with sufficient probability, that the marriage is fraudulent. (5) Both direct and circumstantial evidence may be considered in determining whether

there is “substantial and probative evidence” of marriage fraud under section 204(c) of the Act, and circumstantial evidence alone may be sufficient to constitute “substantial and probative evidence.”

In this case the beneficiary married the maternal grandmother of the petitioner.  After an investigation by the USCIS Fraud unit they determined that the marriage was made to evade the immigration law. 

Section 204(c) of the Act states, in pertinent part:

No petition shall be approved if (1) the alien has previously been accorded, or has sought to be accorded, an immediate relative or preference status as the spouse of a citizen of the United States or the spouse of an alien lawfully admitted for permanent residence, by reason of a marriage determined by the Attorney General to have been entered into for the purpose of evading the immigration laws, or (2) the Attorney General has determined that the alien has attempted or conspired to enter into a marriage for the purpose of evading the immigration laws.

The BIA upheld the decision of USCIS determination of marriage fraud.

Note: This is not a legal advice.


1.        For the month of September 2020, we received three naturalization approvals, four I-130 petition approvals and one DACA approval.

2.        For the month of August 2020, we received three renewals of green card and four naturalization approvals from USCIS.

3.        For the month of July 2020, we received two approvals of Naturalization applications from USCIS.

4.        For the month of June 2020, we received approvals from USCIS two naturalization applications, two renewal of green card and one adjustment of status.

5.        For the month of May 2020, we received approvals from USCIS for three green card renewals, two adjustments of status, and one naturalization application.

6.        For the month of April 2020. we received approval of one adjustment of status, three removal of condition on residence and one renewal of green card.    

7.        For the month of March 2020, we received six Adjustment of Status and three Naturalization approvals from USCIS.

8.        For the month of February 2020, we received approvals from USCIS of five Adjustment of Status applications and three Naturalization applications.

9.        For the month of January 2020, we received approvals from USCIS of five Adjustments of status applications, three N-400 applications for naturalization and three fiancé visa applications.    

10.      For the month of December 2019, we received four approvals of naturalization applications, five approvals of Adjustment of Status applications, two approvals of Petition to remove condition on residence, one renewal of green card approval and one green card application at the U.S. Embassy.           

11.      For the month of November 2019, we received approvals of one naturalization application, one renewal of green card, one Petition to remove condition on residence and one adjustment of status.  

12.      For the month of October 2019, we received five naturalization application approvals and two renewal of green card and one DACA approval.      

If you have immigration problems the Law Offices of Crispin C. Lozano can help you find a solution before your problem gets worse which could lead to deportation and family separation. 

Chris Caday Lozano, Esq. is an active member of the State Bar of California, the American Immigration Lawyers Association and San Francisco Trial Lawyers.  He practices immigration law, bankruptcy and personal injury law since June 1999.  His contact phone is 1-877-456-9266, email:  Chris Caday Lozano is currently running as Councilmember for Hayward City Council for November 3, 2020 election.  Please vote to send FilAm representative to Hayward, CA for the first time in history.

Toll Free 1-877-4LOZANO for free consultation or Schedule an Appointment